What is an E2 Visa?

What is E2 Visa Own and operate a business in the United States. The E2 Treaty Investor Visa allows the nationals of an E2 Treaty Country to move to the United States with their spouse and dependent children for the purpose of investing in and directing a business they own. You can start up a new business or acquire an existing business/franchise. However, it is vital to discuss the business plan with an immigration attorney before proceeding.

Benefits of E2 Visa

    The E2 Visa offers many advantages, including:
  • Relatively low investment expectations (usually > $100,000)
  • Ability to travel freely to and from the United States
  • Unlimited renewals, potentially for the rest of an applicant’s life
  • Ability for a spouse to work in the US
  • Option to purchase a businesses or business franchise
  • Quick processing times
  • Potential tax benefits over permanent residents
  • Ability to transition to a Green Card at a later stage

E2 visa program

With an E2 Visa, You will have temporary residency, but no limits on number of renewals

No caps or quotas for E2 Visa, but you must be a citizen of a treaty country

No minimum but usually > $100,000

For an E2 Visa you must acquire, start, or expand a business or franchise

It is possible to set up an E2 qualifying real estate company

For an E2 Visa, no set minimum

Spouse permitted to work, children can accompany until aged 21

You would not pay tax on non-US income unless you meet the Substantial Presence Test.

Processing times for the E2 Visa are relatively quick. The E2 visa is processed at US embassies and consulates and applicants do not need to wait for approval by the US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). Click here to find out the latest waiting times at your nearest embassy or consulate.

To qualify for an E2 category visa, you must be a citizen of an eligible E2 Treaty Country listed below.

Even if you are not a citizen of one of the countries on this list, please contact Davies & Associates. Our immigration attorneys have successfully helped people from countries other than those listed obtain their E2 category visas through third-country citizenship.










Bosnia & Herzegovina






Costa Rica

































New Zealand








Republic of Congo





Slovak Republic


South Korea


Sri Lanka







Trinidad & Tobago




United Kingdom

Democratic Republic of Congo

If you have any questions or your country is not listed, please If you have any questions, please contact us

It is still possible to obtain an E2 Treaty Visa, even if your country is not on the list above. The process involves first becoming a citizen of an E2 Treaty Country before applying under the visa E2 program.While this process involves an extra step, Davies & Associates has helped many clients obtain their E2 category visas this way.

Some of the most popular options include:
Grenadian Citizenship by Investment
Turkish Citizenship by Investment
Italian Naturalization
Israeli Naturalization

If you have any questions or your country is not listed, please If you have any questions, please contact us

For investors from qualifying treaty countries who are interested in and willing to own and run businesses, the E2 category visa provides a way to reside in the U.S.

E2 Category Visa Features

  • An E2 visa can be obtained very quickly.
  • There is no annual quota limitation E2 visas.
  • An E2 is unique in that involves one-step processing in a consulate. USCIS is not involved in the process unless you apply to change status from within the USA.
  • The spouse of holder under the E2 category can obtain status enabling them to work in the USA.
  • The minor children of an E2 holder can obtain lawful status to reside and study in the United States.
  • Investors can qualify either by starting a new business or purchasing an existing business.

If you have any questions or need more information about the VISA E2 features, please If you have any questions, please contact us. For more information on the E2 Visa visit the US Citizenship & Immigration Services website.

The E2 program does not specify a minimum required investment amount. Instead, the requirement is that it be “substantial” for the business, and that it be reasonable. Consulates often expect a minimum investment of at least $100,000. However, it is possible to obtain approval for E2 visas with lower amounts invested.

For example, an investment of $80,000 for a small coffee shop may be considered substantial and reasonable, while a $250,000 investment for a manufacturing plant may be considered too small based on the type and nature of the business. Investments are evaluated on a case-by-case basis.

If you have any questions or need more information about the requirements for an E2 investment, please If you have any questions, please contact us

  • The initial period for E2 visas can be up to five years, depending on reciprocity. While the E2 category visa is valid, the visa holder is free to come and go within and outside the U.S.
  • E2 visas may be renewed indefinitely, if the needs of the underlying business are such that there continues to be a need for the visa holder to manage and direct it.

If you have any questions or need more information about the validity of an E2 visa, please If you have any questions, please contact us

A critical element of successful E2 category visa cases is having a well-drafted immigration business plan

It is important for your business plan to clearly and successfully demonstrate how your business meets the E2 program requirements. That’s why Davies & Associates MBA attorneys partner with immigration business professionals in helping clients prepare business plans designed with immigration and consulate approval in mind.

Click here to visit our Business Plan Webpage

If you have any questions or need more information about the requirements of an E2 visa, please If you have any questions, please contact us

The E2 visa lawyer you choose can make a difference in your E2 application efforts. Best practices for selecting an E2 immigration attorney are to choose a firm that:

  • Narrowly specializes in E2 and visa applications.
  • Handles multiple new E2 matters each month.
  • Has no or a very limited denial history.
  • Has strong academic credentials and an excellent training history.
  • Has never been the subject of a formal client complaint or official reprimand.
  • Is a member of a team of two or more lawyers who will work on your case. Avoid solo practitioners as your case will suffer if that lawyer becomes unwell or unable to work on your file."
  • Will be available for you after he or she has been hired.
  • Will not turn your case over to a paralegal.
  • Has recent experience in assisting E2 visa applicants from your country.
  • Is a member of key professional immigration law organizations.
  • Can provide you with relevant references.
  • Provides you with 24/7 access to your entire file.

Learn more about selecting an immigration lawyer can be found by clicking here.

If you have any questions or need more information on how to choose an E2 immigration attonery, please If you have any questions, please contact us

L1 Visas E1 Visas E2 Visas EB5 Visas
Available to any country’s nationals? Nationals of treaty trader countries only Nationals of treaty trader countries only
Requires at least one year working for a related company abroad
May dependent spouse work in the U.S.?
Renewable in perpetuity (assuming continued qualification)
Business plan is a key element for a successful application
Is there a minimum investment requirement? Sufficient to operate valid foreign business and US office or business entity No theoretical minimum there must be enough investment to create a real, viable, business Sufficient to fund business enterprise, generally around USD 100,000.00 although less is possible Either USD 900,000.00 or USD 1,800,000.00
Leads to immigrant visa status?
Can lead to green card through the EB5, EB1C and other programs

Transition to green card status through EB5, EB1(c) or other immigrant visa programs possible

Transition to green card status through EB5, EB1(c) or other immigrant visa programs possible

visa initially issued for a conditional two year period.

Note: It is possible to move to a green card from an E2 or E1 visa to a green card IS possible through BOTH the EB1(c) and EB5 programs.

If you have any questions or need more information about visa's comparison, please If you have any questions, please contact us

The spouse of the E2 Visa holder can move to the United States with the primary applicant. The spouse can apply for work authorization to work for any US employer. This offers considerably more employment flexibility than the H-1B visa because it is not tied to any specific employer and can be renewed indefinitely (whereas H-1B is limited to a maximum of 6 years). Dependent children under the age of 21 can also accompany the parents to the United States.

If you have any questions or need more information, please If you have any questions, please contact us

Yes. Our firm assists E2 clients with adjusting from their E visa status to that of “Green Card” holder, or Permanent Resident in the United States. While no US non-immigrant visa automatically leads to a Green Card some of the common options include:

E2 and EB5 Investor Visa Program

The same investment used to secure and E2 visa can also be used for the EB5 investor visa program.

Many clients combine the E2 and EB5 Immigrant Investor Program. This strategy enables an E2 investor to move to the US immediately on their E2 visa but to have the option of leveraging their US business to obtain a “green card” over the longer-term.

Direct EB5:

If your E2 business becomes large enough and employs enough people, it may be eligible for a Direct EB5 visa. The minimum investment amount is $900,000 and the required number of jobs is ten. You must carefully consider the location of your business because only investments in Targeted Employment Areas (TEAs) are eligible for the lower $900,000 investment amount. Outside of these areas, the requirement capital doubles to $1.8 million.

Regional Center EB5:

Tying your E2 business to the requirements of the EB5 program can be commercially restrictive. For example, it can be a challenge to maintain headcount to meet the EB5 rules. Failure to do so can put your Green Card at risk. As a result, many people who pursue a Green Card from E2 through EB5 prefer to invest with a Regional Center instead.

E2 and EB1(c) for the International Manager or Executive

A common misunderstanding is that the EB1(c) program for multinational managers and executives is only available to L1 visa holders. This is false.

Transitioning from an E2 visa to an EB1c visa through a Green Card can be done. There must be a business in your home country with a qualifying relationship to your US E2 Business. You must have worked at the overseas company for at least one of the three years immediately prior to moving to the United States on your E2 Visa. You must also demonstrate an “intent to depart” when you apply for your E2 Visa, which can conflict with plans to obtain a Green Card under EB1c. It is vital you discuss your options with an immigration attorney at the beginning of the process.

If you have any questions or need more information about E2 Visa to green card, please If you have any questions, please contact us

The E2 Visa can be used to start up your own business or acquire an existing business or franchise. It is vital to choose a business that is compliant with the E2 Visa rules. Our team of corporate lawyers work closely with E2 immigration team to advise clients on finding a business opportunity that meets the regulations. If you do not yet have a business in mind, contact our team who can explain the parameters and ensure your search is heading in the correct direction.

Watch our video on E2 Visa franchises


If you have any questions or need more information about E2 business to green card, please If you have any questions, please contact us

Check our blog post about E2 Visa here

Entrepreneur Visas for the United States. The United States is very welcoming of business owners and entrepreneurs. In fact there are many different visa routes for entrepreneurs to live and work in the United States. Click here for more information about US Entrepreneur E2 Visa

Why make Davies & Associates Your E2 Visa Legal Partner

Davies & Associates has helped hundreds of families move to the United States on the E2 Visa. While there can never be any guarantees, in fifteen years we have yet to have any E2 visa application we have prepared denied when our clients have followed our recommendations.

  • We were one of the first law firms to obtain an E2 Visa for a client via the Grenada Citizenship by Investment Program.
  • We have also made clients eligible for the E2 visa through the Turkey Citizenship by Investment Program.
Request Free Consultation
2 months ago

We were in a hurry and Verdie and the team were highly responsive and supportive, even when we threw in some curve balls along the way. We had our visas approved without any issues and felt confident and well prepared for document submissions and the interview. I'd certainly recommend this team for an E2 visa process.

Eduardo Salvo
Eduardo Salvo
a week ago

I received an world-class help in how to immigrate to the USA succesfully! Alex was very open to answer my questions and is definitely a professional in what he does! Strongly recommend this firm.

Birendra Kumar
Birendra Kumar
a week ago

It was great to have a first meeting with Alex Jovy on Team and were glad to have fruitful discussion. Alex in-depth knowledge and I will highly recommend Alex for these services.

Pathik Parikh
Pathik Parikh
8 months ago

As a repeat client of Davies & Associates over the years, I give my full recommendation and endorsement to the team at D&A and their services. Communication with their office is prompt, cordial and informative. I would especially like to thank Verdi Atienza for thoroughly explaining the process while answering any questions we have along the way.

Sivakumar Vageesan
Sivakumar Vageesan
7 months ago

D&A Team is very professional, highly knowledgeable, client centric, easy reachable and pays attention to every smallest detail to ensure visas are secured successfully. Mr Mark, Mr Verdie, Ms Linda, Ms Angela, Ms Sukanya, Mr Dmitriy, Mr Ervin and the whole team involved, did awesome work and I'm very thankful for their contribution. Will look forward to work with D&A for long future years.

See All Reviews

Contact Davies & Associates Offices in United States

Check all of our locations around the world, here

Looking to acquire an E2 Visa?

We are known for our creative solutions that obtain "impossible" visas, we solve the most complex immigration problems for businesses, investors, individuals, and families.

Request Free Consultation

Looking to relocate or having trouble with a visa applicaton?

We are known for our creative solutions that obtain "impossible" visas, we solve the most complex immigration problems for business, investors, individuals and families.

Request Free Consultation