Active E-2 and E-1 Treaty Countries

Country Classification Effective Date Validity Period Number of Entries
Albania E-2 January 4, 1998 36 Months Multiple
Argentina E-1 December 20, 1854 60 Months Multiple
Argentina E-2 December 20, 1854 60 Months Multiple
Armenia E-2 March 29, 1996 60 Months Multiple
Australia E-1 December 16, 1991 48 Months Multiple
Australia E-2 December 27, 1991 48 Months Multiple
Australia 12 E-3 September 2, 2005
Austria E-1 May 27, 1931 60 Months Multiple
Austria E-2 May 27, 1931 60 Months Multiple
Azerbaijan E-2 August 2, 2001 3 Months One
Bahrain E-2 May 30, 2001 3 Months One
Bangladesh E-2 July 25, 1989 3 Months One
Belgium E-1 October 3, 1963 60 Months Multiple
Belgium E-2 October 3, 1963 60 Months Multiple
Bolivia E-1 November 09, 1862 60 Months Multiple
Bolivia 13 E-2 June 6, 2001 3 Months One
Bosnia and Herzegovina 11 E-1 November 15, 1982 12 Months Multiple
Bosnia and Herzegovina 11 E-2 November 15, 1982 12 Months Multiple
Brunei E-1 July 11, 1853
Bulgaria E-2 June 2, 1954 60 Months Multiple
Cameroon E-2 April 6, 1989 12 Months
Less than 12 Months
Multiple
Multiple**
Canada E-1 January 1, 1994 60 Months Multiple
Canada E-2 January 1, 1994 60 Months Multiple
Chile E-1 January 1, 2004 60 Months Multiple
Chile E-2 January 1, 2004 60 Months Multiple
China (Taiwan) 1 E-1 November 30, 1948
China (Taiwan) 1 E-2 November 30, 1948
Colombia E-1 June 10, 1948 60 Months Multiple
Colombia E-2 June 10, 1848 60 Months Multiple
Congo (Brazzaville) E-2 August 13, 1994 3 Months One
Congo (Kinshasa) E-2 July 28, 1989 3 Months Two
Costa Rica E-1 May 26, 1852 60 Months Multiple
Costa Rica E-2 May 26, 1852 60 Months Multiple
Croatia 11 E-1 November 15, 1982 60 Months Multiple
Croatia 11 E-2 November 15, 1982 60 Months Multiple
Czech Republic 2 E-2 January 1, 1993 60 Months Multiple
Denmark 3 E-1 July 30, 1961 60 Months Multiple
Denmark E-2 December 10, 2008 60 Months Multiple
Ecuador 14 E-2 May 11, 1997
Egypt E-2 June 27, 1992 3 Months One
Estonia E-1 May 22, 1926 60 Months Multiple
Estonia E-2 February 16, 1997 60 Months Multiple
Ethiopia E-1 October 8, 1953 60 Months Multiple
Ethiopia E-2 October 8, 1953 60 Months Multiple
Finland E-1 August 10, 1934 24 Months Multiple
Finland E-2 December 1, 1992 24 Months Multiple
France 4 E-1 December 21, 1960 25 Months Multiple
France 4 E-2 December 21, 1960 25 Months Multiple
Georgia E-2 August 17, 1997 12 Months Multiple
Germany E-1 July 14, 1956 60 Months Multiple
Germany E-2 July 14, 1956 60 Months Multiple
Greece E-1 October 13, 1954
Grenada E-2 March 3, 1989 60 Months Multiple
Honduras E-1 July 19, 1928 60 Months Multiple
Honduras E-2 July 19, 1928 60 Months Multiple
Ireland E-1 September 14, 1950 60 Months Multiple
Ireland E-2 November 18, 1992 60 Months Multiple
Israel 15 E-1 April 3, 1954
Israel 15 E-2 May 1, 2019
Italy E-1 July 26, 1949 60 Months Multiple
Italy E-2 July 26, 1949 60 Months Multiple
Jamaica E-2 March 7, 1997 60 Months Multiple
Japan 5 E-1 October 30, 1953 60 Months Multiple
Japan 5 E-2 October 30, 1953 60 Months Multiple
Jordan E-1 December 17, 2001 3 Months One
Jordan E-2 December 17, 2001 3 Months One
Kazakhstan E-2 January 12, 1994 12 Months Multiple
Korea (South) E-1 November 7, 1957 60 Months Multiple
Korea (South) E-2 November 7, 1957 60 Months Multiple
Kosovo 11 E-1 November 15, 1882 12 Months Multiple
Kosovo 11 E-2 November 15, 1882 12 Months Multiple
Kyrgyzstan E-2 January 12, 1994 3 Months Two
Latvia E-1 July 25, 1928 60 Months Multiple
Latvia E-2 December 26, 1996 60 Months Multiple
Liberia E-1 November 21, 1939 60 Months Multiple
Liberia E-2 November 21, 1939 12 Months Multiple
Lithuania E-2 November 22, 2001 12 Months Multiple
Luxembourg E-1 March 28, 1963 60 Months Multiple
Luxembourg E-2 March 28, 1963 60 Months Multiple
Macedonia 11 E-1 November 15, 1982 60 Months Multiple
Macedonia 11 E-2 November 15, 1982 60 Months Multiple
Mexico E-1 January 1, 1994 12 Months Multiple
Mexico E-2 January 1, 1994 12 Months Multiple
Moldova E-2 November 25, 1994 3 Months Two
Mongolia E-2 January 1, 1997
Montenegro 11 E-1 November 15, 1882 12 Months Multiple
Montenegro 11 E-2 November 15, 1882 12 Months Multiple
Morocco E-2 May 29, 1991 60 Months Multiple
Netherlands 6 E-1 December 5, 1957 36 Months Multiple
Netherlands 6 E-2 December 5, 1957 36 Months Multiple
New Zealand 16 E-1 June 10, 2019
New Zealand 16 E-2 June 10, 2019
Norway 7 E-1 January 18, 1928 60 Months Multiple
Norway 7 E-2 January 18, 1928 60 Months Multiple
Oman E-1 June 11, 1960 6 Months Multiple
Oman E-2 June 11, 1960 6 Months Multiple
Pakistan E-1 February 12, 1961 60 Months Multiple
Pakistan E-2 February 12, 1961 60 Months Multiple
Panama E-2 May 30, 1991 60 Months Multiple
Paraguay E-1 March 07, 1860 60 Months Multiple
Paraguay E-2 March 07, 1860 60 Months Multiple
Philippines E-1 September 6, 1955 60 Months Multiple
Philippines E-2 September 6, 1955 60 Months Multiple
Poland E-1 August 6, 1994 12 Months Multiple
Poland E-2 August 6, 1994 12 Months Multiple
Romania E-2 January 15, 1994 60 Months Multiple
Senegal E-2 October 25, 1990 12 Months Multiple
Serbia 11 E-1 November 15,1882 12 Months Multiple
Serbia 11 E-2 November 15,1882 12 Months Multiple
Singapore E-1 January 1, 2004 24 Months Multiple
Singapore E-2 January 1, 2004 24 Months Multiple
Slovak Republic 2 E-2 January 1, 1993
Slovenia 11 E-1 November 15, 1982 60 Months Multiple
Slovenia 11 E-2 November 15, 1982 60 Months Multiple
Spain 8 E-1 April 14, 1903 60 Months Multiple
Spain 8 E-2 April 14, 1903 60 Months Multiple
Sri Lanka E-2 May 1, 1993 36 Months Multiple
Suriname 9 E-1 February 10, 1963 60 Months Multiple
Suriname 9 E-2 February 10, 1963 60 Months Multiple
Sweden E-1 February 20, 1992 24 Months Multiple
Sweden E-2 February 20, 1992 24 Months Multiple
Switzerland E-1 November 08, 1855 48 Months Multiple
Switzerland E-2 November 08, 1855 48 Months Multiple
Thailand E-1 June 8, 1968 6 Months Multiple
Thailand E-2 June 8, 1968 6 Months Multiple
Togo E-1 February 5, 1967 36 Months Multiple
Togo E-2 February 5, 1967 36 Months Multiple
Trinidad & Tobago E-2 December 26, 1996 60 Months Multiple
Tunisia E-2 February 7, 1993 60 Months Multiple
Turkey E-1 February 15, 1933 60 Months Multiple
Turkey E-2 May 18, 1990 60 Months Multiple
Ukraine E-2 November 16, 1996 3 Months Two
United Kingdom 10 E-1 July 03, 1815 60 Months Multiple
United Kingdom 10 E-2 July 03, 1815 60 Months Multiple
Yugoslavia 11 E-1 November 15, 1882
Yugoslavia 11 E-2 November 15, 1882
Country Specific Footnotes
  1. China (Taiwan) - Pursuant to Section 6 of the Taiwan Relations Act, (TRA) Public Law 96-8, 93 Stat, 14, and Executive Order 12143, 44 F.R. 37191, this agreement which was concluded with the Taiwan authorities prior to January 01, 1979, is administered on a nongovernmental basis by the American Institute in Taiwan, a nonprofit District of Columbia corporation, and constitutes neither recognition of the Taiwan authorities nor the continuation of any official relationship with Taiwan.

  2. Czech Repubilc and Slovak Republic - The Treaty with the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic entered into force on December 19, 1992; entered into force for the Czech Republic and Slovak Republic as separate states on January 01, 1993.

  3. Denmark - The Treaty which entered into force on July 30, 1961, does not apply to Greenland.

  4. France - The Treaty which entered into force on December 21, 1960, applies to the departments of Martinique, Guadeloupe, French Guiana and Reunion.

  5. Japan - The Treaty which entered into force on October 30, 1953, was made applicable to the Bonin Islands on June 26, 1968, and to the Ryukyu Islands on May 15, 1972.

  6. Netherlands - The Treaty which entered into force on December 05, 1957, is applicable to Aruba and Netherlands Antilles.

  7. Norway - The Treaty which entered into force on September 13, 1932, does not apply to Svalbard (Spitzbergen and certain lesser islands).

  8. Spain - The Treaty which entered into force on April 14, 1903, is applicable to all territories.

  9. Suriname - The Treaty with the Netherlands which entered into force December 05, 1957, was made applicable to Suriname on February 10, 1963.

  10. United Kingdom - The Convention which entered into force on July 03, 1815, applies only to British territory in Europe (the British Isles (except the Republic of Ireland), the Channel Islands and Gibraltar) and to "inhabitants" of such territory. This term, as used in the Convention, means "one who resides actually and permanently in a given place, and has his domicile there." Also, in order to qualify for treaty trader or treaty investor status under this treaty, the alien must be a national of the United Kingdom. Individuals having the nationality of members of the Commonwealth other than the United Kingdom do not qualify for treaty trader or treaty investor status under this treaty.

  11. Yugoslavia - The U.S. view is that the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY) has dissolved and that the successors that formerly made up the SFRY - Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Slovenia, and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia continue to be bound by the treaty in force with the SFRY and the time of dissolution.

  12. The E-3 visa is for nationals of the Commonwealth of Australia who wish to enter the United States to perform services in a "specialty occupation." The term "specialty occupation" means an occupation that requires theoretical and practical application of a body of highly specialized knowledge, and attainment of a bachelor's or higher degree in the specific specialty (or its equivalent) as a minimum for entry into the occupation in the United States. The definition is the same as the Immigration and Nationality Act definition of an H-1B specialty occupation.

  13. Bolivia - Bolivian nationals with qualifying investments in place in the United States by June 10, 2012 continue to be entitled to E-2 classification until June 10, 2022. The only nationals of Bolivia (other than those qualifying for derivative status based on a familial relationship to an E-2 principal alien) who may qualify for E-2 visas at this time are those applicants who are coming to the United States to engage in E-2 activity in furtherance of covered investments established or acquired prior to June 10, 2012.

  14. Ecuadorian nationals with qualifying investments in place in the United States by May 18, 2018 continue to be entitled to E-2 classification until May 18, 2028. The only nationals of Ecuador (other than those qualifying for derivative status based on a familial relationship to an E-2 principal alien) who may qualify for E-2 visas at this time are those applicants who are coming to the United States to engage in E-2 activity in furtherance of covered investments established or acquired prior to May 18, 2018.

  15. Israel: Pursuant to a treaty of friendship, commerce, and navigation between the United States and Israel that entered into force on April 3, 1954 entitled nationals of Israel to E-1 status for treaty trader purposes. Nationals of Israel are not entitled to E-2 classification for treaty investor purposes under that treaty. Public Law 112-130 (June 8, 2012), accords nationals of Israel E-2 status for treaty investor purposes if the Government of Israel provides similar nonimmigrant status to nationals of the United States. The Department has confirmed that Israel offers reciprocal treaty investor treatment to U.S. nationals and E-2 visa may be issued to nationals of Israel beginning on May 1, 2019.

  16. New Zealand: Public Law 115-226, enacted on August 1, 2018, accorded nationals of New Zealand to E-1 and E-2 status for treaty trader/treaty investor purposes if the Government of New Zealand provides similar nonimmigrant status to nationals of the United States. The Department has confirmed that New Zealand offers similar nonimmigrant status to U.S. nationals and E visas may be issued to nationals of New Zealand beginning on June 10, 2019.

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